On July 21, 2022, the migratory monarch butterfly was placed on the IUCN Red List as endangered. It has only been forty-seven short years since their annual trek from north to south and back was discovered. This understanding began with a single individual and grew to encompass people from three countries. The Mystery Of The Monarchs: How Kids, Teachers, and Butterfly Fans Helped Fred and Norah Urquhart Track the Great Monarch Migration (Alfred A. Knopf, May 31, 2022) written by Barb Rosenstock with illustrations by Erika Meza chronicles the human journey to solve the puzzle of these noble insects.
Fred Urquhart ate breakfast, grabbed his satchel, and started his walk to school.
Thank goodness he stopped at the marsh.
At the young age of eight, Fred was firmly attached to the study of insects. Year after year, his collection of specimens grew. One year, Fred was intrigued by an article he read about
He wondered about the monarchs, his favorite butterflies. No one knew where they went. Fred was determined to be the someone who found the answer.
Fred studied entomology. He started to collect the monarchs and placed labels on their wings. (Making labels that worked was a tricky business.) He hoped people would find the labeled butterflies and reach out to him. Ten years later, he was no closer to a solution.
Norah, Fred's wife, was completely taken with his quest. They developed a better label, asking those who found tagged butterflies to
SEND TO ZOOLOGY UNIVERSITY TORONTO CANADA.
They knew they needed more help tagging the monarchs. They placed notices in magazines and newspapers in the United States (and eventually Mexico). The response was slow but it grew. People of all ages and from all walks of life, especially teachers and students, joined the
Insect Migration Association.
The Urquharts plotted routes on a large map. They drove all over the United States and into Mexico, but the mystery was still not solved. There was another couple, a couple who lived in Mexico, that loved traveling. In January 1975, this duo found a magnificent scene among the mountains in Mexico. They notified the Urquharts. When Fred and Norah arrived there the following year, more than forty years after Fred wanted to solve the puzzle, Fred found something wonderful.
Through her meticulous research, author Barb Rosenstock presents a compelling narrative of Fred and Norah Urquhart and everyone who helped them. Layer by layer with explicit facts, this nonfiction picture book builds toward its exciting conclusion. We become a part of each layer, turning the pages with our hope growing. As we read the final paragraph, followed by a question and two words, our involvement is so thorough we want to stand up and shout. Here is a passage.
It was still a mystery.
One year 13,800 monarchs were tagged and 128 were returned. The next, 17,000 were tagged and 298 returned. Fred, Norah, and their "butterfly family" were getting closer to an answer. Year by year, monarch by monarch, the lines on Fred and Norah's map pointed farther south. Ontario to Alabama, Indiana to Mississippi, New York to Florida.
The two scenes displayed on the open and matching dust jacket and book case appear to be a single image, but they are not. On the front, right side, we see Fred and Norah near the spine watching all those people, young and old, who helped them by capturing and releasing labeled butterflies over decades. By the landscape and architecture, we are able to determine this is in a northern region.
To the left, on the back, are more people, of all ages. By the landscape and architecture, we realize this is a mountainous region to the south, across the border of the United States. Here the people are welcoming the arrival of the monarchs. In both illustrations, the individuals are taking joy in the monarchs and their flight.
On the opening and closing endpapers is an intricate pattern in orange and pink, acting as a background. Placed on top of this are monarchs, grasses, leaves, and flowers. There are seven separate visuals. The verso and title pages feature monarchs in flight, a tribute to Homero Gomez Gonzalez, and an envelope with a returned monarch inside it.
These illustrations by Erika Meza rendered
using acrylic gouache, watercolor, ink, coffee splashes, and pastel pencils, before using Photoshop to tie it all up
make excellent use of white space as a way of highlighting the colorful elements and as a canvas for the text. They are double-page pictures, single-page pictures, and sometimes several smaller images on a single page. A variety of perspectives showcase the pacing and story. The fine lines and delicate details fully engage readers. These include dotted lines to indicate the flight of monarchs and origami butterflies to indicate the "flight" of correspondence and outreach.
One of my many favorite illustrations is a single page picture. It shows Norah seated in a winged, light orange chair near a window. Outside the window is a blue sky, several trees and two monarchs in flight. Next to Norah on her left is a side table stacked with letters. She is opening one of them with her dog seated next to her. On a larger table on her right is a monarch specimen, an orange dial phone, an outgoing letter box, and a lamp. Four origami butterflies fly above that table and Norah.
It is more important than it has ever been to be stewards of our planet. In The Mystery Of The Monarchs: How Kids, Teachers, and Butterfly Fans Helped Fred and Norah Urquhart Track the Great Monarch Migration written by Barb Rosenstock with artwork by Erika Meza, readers will be inspired by the dream of one man which was shared by his wife and a host of people in Canada, the United States and Mexico over decades. At the close of the book are an author's note and illustrator's note which are necessary reading. They are followed by a page dedicated to the life cycle of the monarch butterfly. A section on butterfly generations and the teacher and students who labeled the butterfly found by Fred Urquhart in Mexico are next. There are several citizen monarch groups discussed and a list of selected sources on the final two pages. I read the article in the University of Toronto Magazine, August 24, 2015 by Alec Scott titled "Where Do You Go, My Lovelies?" It is excellent. I know you will want a copy of this title in your professional and personal collections. You can pair it with Winged Wonders: Solving The Monarch Migration Mystery by Meg Pincus with illustrations by Yas Imamura and Senorita Mariposa by Ben Gundersheimer with illustrations by Marcos Almada Rivero.
To learn more about Barb Rosenstock and Erika Meza and their other work, please follow the link attached to their names to access their websites. Barb Rosenstock has extra resources on her website for this book. Barb Rosenstock has accounts on Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest, and Twitter. Erika Meza has accounts on Instagram and Twitter. At the publisher's website, you can view interior images.